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Windows环境下使用uiautomatorviewer进行元素定位

  • 尊亿娱乐app
  • 2019-07-18
  • 337人已阅读
简介一、摘要元素定位本篇主要介绍如何使用uiautomatorviewer,通过定位到页面上的元素,然后进行相应的点击等操作,uiautomatorviewer是android-sdk

一、摘要

元素定位本篇主要介绍如何使用uiautomatorviewer,通过定位到页面上的元素,然后进行相应的点击等操作,uiautomatorviewer 是 android-sdk 自带的一个元素定位工具,非常简单好用,使用 uiautomatorviewer,你可以检查一个应用的 UI 来查看应用的布局和组件以及相关的属性

在WIndows系统上进行元素定位,建议使用这个工具,在Mac上建议用Appium Inspector

二、启动uiautomatorviewer.bat

双击启动

三、链接手机

确认连接手机状态正常-》打开手机qq页面,让屏幕处于点亮状态

点左上角安卓机器人按钮 Devices Screenshot 按钮刷新页面

四、定位元素

五、点击登录按钮代码实例

如上图所示,定位了登陆按钮,代码实例如下

# python"""@Time : 2018/11/12 13:37@Author : @Email : @File : @Software: PyCharm@Description:"""# encoding = utf-8from appium import webdriverimport timeimport unittestclass test_ClickButon(unittest.TestCase):def setUp(self): desired_caps = {"platformName": "Android", "deviceName": "30d4e606", "platformVersion": "5.0", "appPackage": "com.tencent.qqpimsecure", "appActivity": "com.tencent.server.fore.QuickLoadActivity" }self.driver = webdriver.Remote("http://127.0.0.1:4723/wd/hub", desired_caps)def test_ClickButton(self): driver = self.driver driver.find_element_by_id("com.tencent.mobileqq:id/btn_login").click() time.sleep(5)

1 // Java 2 package testscript;/* 3 * @FileName testscript.Test_Calculator: 4 * @author davieyang 5 * @create 2018-11-20 11:02 6 */ 7 import org.apache.log4j.xml.DOMConfigurator; 8 import java.net.MalformedURLException; 9 import java.net.URL;10 import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;11 12 import org.openqa.selenium.By;13 import org.openqa.selenium.remote.DesiredCapabilities;14 import org.testng.Assert;15 import org.testng.annotations.BeforeTest;16 import org.testng.annotations.DataProvider;17 import org.testng.annotations.Test;18 19 import io.appium.java_client.android.AndroidDriver;20 21 public class Test_Calculator {22 static {23 //指定log4j配置文件为log4j.xml24 DOMConfigurator.configure("log4j.xml");25 }26 AndroidDriver driver;27 @BeforeTest28 public void setUp() throws MalformedURLException{29 DesiredCapabilities caps = new DesiredCapabilities();30 // des.setCapability("app", "c:\");31 caps.setCapability("automationname", "Appium");32 caps.setCapability("platformName", "Android");33 caps.setCapability("platformVersion", "23");34 caps.setCapability("udid", "WTKDU17105005171");35 caps.setCapability("deviceName", "Honor");36 caps.setCapability("appPackage", "com.tencent.qqpimsecure");//com.android.contacts37 caps.setCapability("appActivity", "com.tencent.server.fore.QuickLoadActivity");//.activities.PeopleActivity38 caps.setCapability("appWaitActivity", "com.tencent.server.fore.QuickLoadActivity");39 caps.setCapability("unicodeKeyboard", "True");40 caps.setCapability("resetKeyboard", "True");41 caps.setCapability("newCommandTimeout", "15");42 caps.setCapability("nosign", "True");43 driver = new AndroidDriver(new URL("http://127.0.0.1:4723/wd/hub"),caps);44 driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(10, TimeUnit.SECONDS);45 }46 @Test47 public void add() {48 driver.findElement(By.xpath("com.tencent.mobileqq:id/btn_login")).click();49 }

六、Finding Elements By ID

 

WebElement digit_5 = driver.findElement(By.id("com.android.calculator2:id/digit5"));

七、Finding Elements By Name

WebElement delete = driver.findElement(By.name("DELETE"));

八、Finding Elements By CLASSNAME

WebElement editBox = driver.findElement(By.className("android.widget.EditText"));

If the same class is used for multiple elements, then we need to select an element on the basic of indexing. For example:

List<WebElement>editBox = driver.findElements(By.className("android.widget.Button"));

editBox.get(1).click();

九、Finding Elements By AccessibilityID

WebElement plusSign=driver.findElementByAccessibilityId("plus");

 十、Finding Elements By AndroidUIAutomator

findElement(By.AndroidUIAutomator(String UIAuto));

WebElement equal = driver.findElementByAndroidUiAutomator("new UiSelector().resourceId("com.android.calculator2:id/equal")")

WebElement equal = driver.findElementByAndroidUiAutomator("new UiSelector().description("equals")");

 十一、其他定位方式

 

 

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